Example Argument Paragraph

Example Argument Paragraph
In material, we recognize 5 different types of paragraphs based on the author's objectives, namely:
Narrative paragraph
Paragraph Description
Exposition Paragraph
Argument Paragraph
Persuasion Paragraphs

This time we will focus on discussing paragraphs of argument. The word argumentation comes from English, that is "argumentation" which means reason, explanation, description, or proof. So, argumentation is giving a strong and convincing reason. Therefore, the discourse that we call argumentation is a discourse (essay) that presents reasons, examples, and strong and convincing evidence, so that people will be influenced and justify our opinions, ideas, attitudes, and beliefs. Finally, he will do according to our will.
Argumentation is a description or writing that seeks to prove the truth of something, or to reject an attorney. The target to be achieved is to influence the attitudes and opinions of readers or listeners so that they change attitudes and adapt them to the attitudes of writers and authors. Thus, the argument emphasizes the evidences of what is stated.

Definition of Argument Paragraph
Argument paragraphs are types of paragraphs that express the ideas, ideas, or opinions of the author accompanied by evidence and facts that actually happened.
According to Priyatni (2008: 148), argumentation paragraphs are paragraphs aimed at convincing something to the reader.
Argument paragraphs are paragraphs or essays that prove the truth about something.
According to Keraf (1996: 76) the argumentation paragraph is a paragraph that aims to maintain the truth and opinions of the readers to behave and think like the author.
Argumentation is an essay that aims to prove the truth of an opinion / conclusion with data / facts as reasons / evidence.
Argument paragraphs are paragraphs or essays that prove the truth about something.
According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary, argumentation is a reason to reinforce or reject an opinion, opinion, or idea.
Based on the six definitions of the arguments paragraph above, it can be concluded that the arguments paragraph is a paragraph that expresses an author's ideas, ideas or opinions about something that is accompanied by evidence or facts that actually happened and aims to convince the reader of the truth of something.

Characteristics of Argument Paragraphs
explain opinions so that readers are sure,
need facts for proof in the form of pictures / graphics, etc.,
explore the source of ideas from observation, experience, and research,
Concluding remarks.
there are statements, ideas, or opinions expressed by the author,
there are reasons, data, or facts that support,
justification based on data and facts submitted.

Purpose of Writing Argument Paragraphs
To express the ideas, views, or ideas of the author
To encourage or prevent someone from doing something
To influence reader behavior
To attract readers' sympathy
To make the reader confident of the writer's idea

Structure Writing Argument Paragraphs
Introduction aims to attract the attention of the reader, focus the attention of the reader on the argument to be conveyed, or show the basics why the argument was put forward.
The body aims to prove the truth that will be conveyed in paragraphs of argument so that the conclusions to be reached are also true. The truth that is conveyed in the body of the argument must be analyzed, arranged, and stated by making observations, experiments, composing facts, and logical thinking.
The conclusion or summary aims to prove to the reader that the truth to be conveyed through the process of reasoning can indeed be accepted as something logical.
Data and facts used to compile discourse or argumentation paragraphs can be obtained through interviews, questionnaires, observations, field research, and library research. At the end of a paragraph or essay, conclusions need to be presented. This conclusion distinguishes the argument from the exposition.

STEPS IN DEVELOPING ARGUMENTATION PARAGRAPH
Make a topic first
Set a goal essay
Conduct field observations
Make a skeleton outline
Develop a skeletal framework
Make conclusions

Example Paragraphs on Arguments

Example Paragraphs on Arguments
Cigarettes contain many harmful substances. When we smoke cigarettes that feel good, but cigarettes also damage our bodies slowly with the poisons they contain. There are substances in cigarettes that are addictive or addictive. The addictive substance in cigarettes is acetone. Aceton is more often used for cleaning nails. The aceton smell also combines, but because it also mixes with other substances in cigarettes the smell disappears.
Due to the combustion process, toxic gas is added. Toxic gas is carbon monoxide (CO). This gas comes out because of the burning of a substance. Carbon monoxide is a dangerous gas. This gas is usually produced by motorized vehicles. The characteristics of gfas are colorless. No smell, no taste. This gas can also be used for capital punishment, the gas chamber. Apart from these substances many dangerous substances contained therein.
(The three examples of the arguments paragraph above are cited from My Indonesian Language My Country 1 for Class X High School and MA pages 148-149)

Example Paragraph Argumentation About the Environment
Environmental damage
Environmental damage has actually happened in almost all regions in the world, and it is all because of human activity that is not responsible for the actions of his actions. Environmental damage is also usually caused by the lack of care and concern for the citizens of the environment. But even though we also know that our environment is damaged, we still don't care about the environment.
After that, from the damage to the environment, we can also feel things that we don't want, but we don't even avoid things that we don't want, why? it's all because humans have selfishness that is already too high. But indeed in this world there are still some people who still care about the environment but do not exceed 50% of the people in the world. For example: At school maybe there are only 10 students out of hundreds of students who care about the environment, or maybe none at all
It all happened because of excessive pollution, no greening, illegal logging, littering that does not want to be responsible. If all the people in this world have a sense of responsibility like me, maybe at this time all the environment will be maintained neatly and cleanly.
In addition, there are many consequences that we will get when we damage the environment, for example, air pollution which makes us breathless, then illegal logging that makes no place to absorb water, and hopefully all humans do is to save energy. If we care about the environment, let's take care of the environment so that it looks neat and clean as before as before, which was clean and tidy.
And the conclusion of my writing, I want everyone to be able to apply to protect the environment regardless of obstacles, as far as possible to protect the environment.

Example Paragraph Argumentation About Economics
The cost of education in Indonesia today can be said to be expensive. Although the government has provided assistance, students are still required to pay fees for school needs, such as uniforms, clothes, books, and so on.
The high cost of education is not only in elementary schools, but also in college.
Many children who have graduated from high school prefer to work compared to continuing to college. So that education in Indonesia is uneven and only concentrated on people who are able.

As for the poor, higher education is only a dream.
Example Paragraph Arguments About Schools

Sultan Agung Tirtayasa Vocational School won an award as the best school in Indonesia. Many produce high-achieving students by the Sulthan Agung Tirtayasa Vocational School.
This sort of thing is proven by the existence of successful Olympic champions from this school. Not only that, other proud achievements other than in the field of accounting economics, there are other fields that also excel such as sports and automotive.
One year ago, this school sent 20 athletes as representatives of Indonesia in the Sea Games event such as long jump, this school had participated in an international long jump competition in London, England.
This proud achievement did not just happen, but it was all due to the hard work of the council of teachers and school committees who were always committed to producing students with good grades.

THE DIFFERENCE OF ARGUMENTATION PARAGRAPH WITH EXPOSITION PARAGRAPH
Exposition aims to explain and explain while the argumentation to influence the reader.
Exposition uses examples, graphs, etc. to explain something that we put forward, while arguments give examples to prove that something we say is true.
The conclusion at the end of the exposition usually confirms something previously described. The conclusion at the end of the argument is usually in the form of a conclusion on something previously described.

DIFFERENCE IN PARAGRAPH ARGUMENTATION WITH PARAGRAPH PERSUATION
The argument aims to influence the reader to agree that our opinion is true, while persuasion is to influence the reader to do something.
The argument includes reason and evidence, while persuasion includes reason, is motoric in the essay

THE DIFFERENCE OF ARGUMENTATION PARAGRAPH WITH OTHER PARAGRAPH
Narrative paragraph
Tells or narrates an event or event so that it seems as if the reader has experienced that event.

Paragraph Description
Describe something (object) in detail or in detail so that it looks as if the reader sees, hears, and feels it himself.

Preliminary, Conclusions and Body of Arguments

Preliminary, Conclusions and Body of Arguments
Body of Arguments
Conclusions
Example 2
Some Indonesian children have not been able to enjoy the happiness of their childhood. This statement was made by an expert in educational psychology Sukarton (1992) that many children under the age of 15 have been involved in making a living by their parents. It can be seen that there are still many children who are busking or begging at crossroads or scavenging garbage boxes at the TPA, then the results are left to their parents to support their family life. Moreover, since our country has a monetary crisis, the tendency of parents to employ children as a support for the family's economy is increasingly visible everywhere.

Example 3
 Media education is very important in achieving educational goals. However, some of us consider it less important. In Indonesia alone, the distribution of educational media is uneven. For example, in Papua where currently the teaching staff is still lacking, plus more with a lack of educational media. As a result, the level of intelligence varies between regions. Supposedly, the government's efforts in educating the life of the nation must continue to be improved. Especially in the distribution of educational media in remote areas.

Example 4
The Cinta Bunda High School is named the best school in Indonesia. Many outstanding students are printed by this school. This is evidenced by the existence of Olympic champions who empties from this school. More than that, other achievements also boast other than in the academic field, there are other fields that also show achievements such as sports and arts.
Last year the school sent 20 athletes representing Indonesia in the Sea Games championship. This school choir has also participated in international choir contests in Barcelona, Spain.
This proud achievement did not just happen, but it was all due to the training and hard work of the teacher council and also the school committee who were always committed to producing students with superior graduates.

Example 5
Education in Indonesia today is still quite far behind education in other countries in the world.
Even Indonesia itself is still inferior to our neighboring countries, namely Malaysia and Singapore in the field of education.
This can be witnessed from the large number of their population who get education up to college.
While in Indonesia, the number of people who get education alone is still far behind with other countries, especially in disadvantaged areas such as NTB, NTT, Papua and many other areas.
The underdevelopment of education in these areas is due to unequal education in the State of Indonesia. The government only builds educational facilities in urban areas, specifically the island of Java.
Not only that, the limited number of teachers in the area also helped create further access to education in the area.
Finally, education in Indonesia is uneven and tends to lag behind, so it has not been able to compete with other countries in the world.

Example Paragraphs on Arguments About Culture
Many positive and negative aspects of this JAVA DAY program. If judging from the positive side, using Javanese language, Javanese culture will not be easily eroded by the times. Especially considering the current conditions, most of the younger generation of native Javanese actually can not speak Javanese. The environment in which they developed did not accustom them to speak Javanese. As a result, when having to interact with people outside the environment who still use Javanese, communication becomes obstructed.
Viewed from the negative side, this program can cause big problems. This is because students who are studying in Surabaya are not only native Javanese students. Many students from outside Java cannot speak Javanese, even do not know the language.
Example Paragraph Arguments About Religion
In the information age, plurality of people tends to be a burden rather than national capital. This can be seen from the emergence of various problems whose sources "smell" of diversity, especially in the field of religion. A number of serious issues related to religion such as in Poso, Central Sulawesi, Ambon. Maluku has indeed subsided. However, new problems have arisen, as is happening now in the polemic of the presence of Ahmadiyah congregations.

Benefits of Argument Paragraphs

Benefits of Argument Paragraphs
Argument paragraphs are usually used to write scientific papers.
In addition, the paragraph of argument is also used when we criticize something.

Pattern of Argument Paragraph Development
Some patterns of paragraph argument development, namely:
Patterns of Analogy / Comparison -> inductive reasoning by comparing two things that have many similarities.
Generalization / General Pattern -> inductive reasoning by drawing general conclusions based on a number of data.
The Pattern of Cause and Effect -> starts with the specific facts that are causes, coming to conclusions that are the results.
The Pattern of Causation -> begins with the fact that is considered to be an effect, then goes to the cause caused by the effect.

Example 1 (Analogy / Comparison Pattern)
Human nature is like rice that is spread out in a vast rice field. When humans achieve intelligence, greatness, and wealth, their nature will be humble and generous. Likewise with rice that is increasingly contained, he will be increasingly crouching. If the rice is empty, it will stand up straight.

Example 2 (Generalization / General Pattern)
After the essays of 8th grade children were examined, it turned out that Ali, Toto, Alex, and Burhan got a value of 8. The other children got a grade of 7. Only Maman got a grade of 6, and no one got any grades. It can be said, 8th graders are quite good at writing.

Example 3 (Causal Pattern)
This year's dry season is quite long. Previously, many trees in the forest as water absorbent were cut down. Besides that, irrigation in this village is not that clear. Coupled with the increasingly expensive fertilizer prices and the lack of knowledge of farmers in working on agricultural land. Therefore, it is not surprising that the harvest in this village always fails.

Example 4 (Pattern of Effect)
The number of street children in big cities is increasing every day. They filled the main streets in the city center with all their behavior and actions. A variety of ways they do in order to survive on the streets, from the polite to the most brutal. They roam the streets and make a living by begging. This phenomenon began to appear symptomatic when the economic crisis hit our country. The prolonged crisis is the cause of life difficulties in all sectors / fields.

Example Paragraphs of Short Arguments About Education and Its Structure
According to Iskandar, it is time for the community to change the paradigm so that junior high school graduates do not go into high school. If you are more talented on the professional track you should choose SMK. He reminded a number of risks for junior high school graduates who carelessly continue school. For example, a junior high school graduate who does not have the potential of talent-interest in the academic path through college, but is forced to enter high school, he will not pass the UAN because it is difficult to attend high school. Without passing the UAN, it is impossible to get to college. In the end they will become unemployed because studying in high school does not provide provisions for work. (1)
Maintaining soil fertility is an absolute requirement for every agricultural business. As long as plants are in the process of producing, this soil fertility will be reduced. Even though soil fertility must be improved again by fertilizing and using the land as well as possible. The best example of how to use land and how to maintain its fertility, can be found in forests that have not been cultivated by farmers. (2)
The spirit of heroism must always be nurtured and developed because of the spirit of heroism. Development in our country can run successfully. The spirit of heroism will develop into noble values, personality traits, big spirited, responsible, dedicated, loyal, tough, and love towards others. All these characteristics are needed to support development in various fields. (3)

Talent Measurement and Its Use

Talent Measurement and Its Use
The environment in this case can be chosen as:
The environment in the family
The environment around the place of residence
Educational environment: formal, information, training, courses, and so on.

Talent Measurement and Its Use
In everyday life both related to education and employment, it is often found that two people have the same general level of ability. But they show different looks or achievements.
According to Crow and Crow (1973) failure of intelligence tests to predict success in employment predict success in certain jobs because intelligence tests are intended to measure ability or readiness in general without putting pressure on specific abilities.
Thus, efforts arise to measure specific abilities of a person in more detail, so that it can be used to find out the individual differences between two or more people who generally have abilities (intelligence) specifically arranged to predict a person's special abilities or talents called a test talent.
From the results of aptitude tests we have not been able to determine with certainty someone's talent, because the results will only give us an idea of strengths and weaknesses in terms of capabilities. Aptitude tests cannot determine exactly what jobs or careers we have to go through, nor can they provide answers to specific questions.

A Nurse's Opinion Regarding Talent
According to a nurse about talent, talent is an ability that is in a person that must be developed in order to be useful for yourself or others. Talent is not entirely derived from a person directly but can be obtained through education or special training, for example in the health field, if someone has the desire to become a nurse must follow nursing education and training according to predetermined operational standards. Being a nurse is not only a talent that must be possessed but also a will and hard work.

Talent in the Nursing Profession
In the nursing process many have procedures that must be fulfilled in accordance with operational standards, therefore a nurse must have the knowledge and abilities or talents that must exist in a nurse in order to be called sabgai professional nurses who are responsible. Therefore talent is really needed to support a nurse's performance in order to be able to show an action that can be accepted and trusted by clients, both individuals, groups, and society.

Sample case
A nurse is assigned to a nurse A hospital in a nursery. In the room many children affected by DHF, these children often cry when they see a nurse who will go into the room to check especially if it will be injected. So a nurse must think of ways to keep the children from crying.
The nurses took the initiative to provide toys or other objects that the children liked or were given more love so that the children were not afraid. In this case nurses are required to develop their talents so that the children do not feel afraid when they will be cared for by the nurses.

Conclusion
Talent is a condition or a quality that belongs to an individual that allows that individual to develop in the future.
So thus, it can be said that humans differ from each other in various ways, especially in their talents. This difference does not only occur due to factors carried from birth (heredity) but also occurs due to the influence of family and environment as well as the values adopted. So everyone will have different talents and potentials.

Abstract and Talent Space Relations

Abstract and Talent Space Relations
In addition, other special talents, namely:
Verbal Talent
Talent about concepts expressed in the form of words.

Numerical Talent
Talent about concepts in the form of numbers.

Scholastic Talent
Combination of words (logic) and numbers. The ability in reasoning, sorting, thinking in causal patterns, creating hypotheses, looking for conceptual regularities or numerical patterns, his outlook on life is generally rational. This is the intelligence of scientists, accountants, and computer programmers (Newton, Einstein, etc.)

Abstract and Talent Space Relations
Talents that are not words or numbers but are in the form of patterns, designs, diagrams, measurements, shapes and positions.

Mechanical talent
Talent about general principles of Natural Sciences, work procedures of machines, tools and other tools.

Talent Space Relations (spatial)
Talent to observe, tell two-dimensional patterns or think in 3 dimensions. Having a sharp sensitivity to visual details and being able to portray something so lively, painting or sketching ideas clearly, and easily adjusting orientation in three-dimensional space. This is the intelligence of architects, photographers, artists, pilots and mechanical engineers. (Thomas Edison, Pablo Picasso, Ansel Adams, etc.)

Talent clerical accuracy speed
Talent about writing assignments, concocting for laboratories, offices and others.

Language talent (linguistics)
Talent about language analytical reasoning (literary experts) for example for journalism, stenography, broadcasting, editing, law, salespeople and others - others.

Talent Classification
Factors That Influence Talent Development
Talent develops as a result of the interaction of factors that originate from within the individual and from his environment. If the two factors are mutually supportive, the existing talent will be able to develop optimally. Which of the two factors has the most influence, it is very difficult to determine precisely.

Factors originating from individual self that influence the development of talent, include:
The ability or potential of an individual carried from birth. The innate factor will largely determine the formation and development of one's talents. The ability that a person has is determined by innate factors and that ability will only be able to develop to certain extent. The environment will not be able to change the shape of humans beyond the limits of human capabilities.
The interest of the individual concerned. A particular talent will not develop properly if it is not accompanied by a high enough interest in the field or in accordance with the talent. For example someone who has quite a high talent as a mechanical expert, if this is not or is less interested in things - related to the machine, then the talent will not be able to develop properly.
Individual motivation. A talent will become less developed or will not stand out if it is not accompanied by a high enough motivation to actualize it, because motivation is closely related to one's fighting ability to achieve a goal.
The value of life that an individual has. What is meant by the value of life here is how a person gives meaning to something in his life, in this case related to talent as a movie star, his talent will not be able to develop properly if he gives a negative meaning to the profession as a movie star.
Individual personality. This personality factor also plays an important role for the development of one's talents, for example self-concept, self-confidence, tenacity or determination in trying, willingness to accept criticism and advice in order to achieve high success.
Maturity. Certain talent will develop well when it is approaching or stepping on the sensitivity period. One thing that is difficult for us is in determining when the time (at what age) a certain ability or talent is ripe to be developed or trained, because for each ability and for each person the motivation is not necessarily or not always the same.

Definition of Talent and Classification

Definition of Talent and Classification
Talent is an ability that every human has to learn something very quickly in a short time compared to others and has better results. Talent has been owned by every human being he was born into this world. There are a variety of talents owned by someone who is smart in things like painting, singing, updating and so forth.

Understanding Talent According to Experts and Types of Classification
Humans born into this world have different steps and attitudes, such behavior and behavior sometimes makes other people amazed. These attitudes and attitudes are different in each person there is a quiet, jovial and so on. There are some activities or jobs that are done well and even perfectly done by certain people.
In carrying out certain activities or tasks someone can do it perfectly and some call it talented. Now to be able to better understand or understand what talents are we will explain the following.

Understanding Talent According to Experts
Talent in this case has different meanings, for more details just look at the notion of talent according to some experts, including:

According to William B. Michael "Suryabrata 1995"
Talent is the capacity in a person in carrying out their duties and performs with the influence of the practice they live.
According to Crow and crow "1989"
Talent is a quality in humans who have various and different levels.
According to Brigham "Suryabrata 1995"
Talent is a center of gravity that has been owned by every individual who has gained from training in terms of performance or performance.
According to Woodworth & Marquis "Surabaya 1995"
Talent is an achievement that can be predicted and in addition to being predicted can also be measured by conducting special tests, the ability in humans is called talent.
According to Guilford (1959)
states that "Talent is related to the ability to do something"
According to (Notoatmodjo, 1997)
"Talent is one of human capabilities (achievement, capacity, and aptitude)"
According to Utami Munandar "1987"
That talent can be interpreted as an innate ability, as a potential that still needs to be developed and trained in order to be realized.
According to Sarwono "1986"
It was argued that talent is a condition in a person that enables him with a special training to achieve special skills, knowledge and skills.
According to the KBBI
Talent is the basis of "intelligence, character and nature" that is carried from birth.
According to Freeman (1963)
talent is a trait that gives a clue to one's abilities, which through practice can be realized into tangible abilities, especially in special fields, for example in the fields of language, music and engineering.
In the opinion of Bingham (1968)
where he defines talent as a condition or ability possessed by someone who allows him with a special training to obtain a skill, knowledge and special skills, for example language skills, the ability to play music or create music.
(Conny Semiawan et al, 1984).
"Talent as aptitude is usually interpreted as an innate ability which is a potential (potential ability) that still needs to be developed or trained".
The types of talent include the following:
General talent, is the ability in the form of basic potential that is general, meaning that everyone has.
Special talent, is an ability in the form of special potential, meaning that not everyone has for example artistic talent, leaders, speakers, sports.